Many diabetes doctors and endocrinologists do not hesitate to prescribe Metformin to people with type 2 diabetes and PCOS. Metformin, as part of medical treatment for diabetes, has gained a reputation as being the go-to drug that can reduce high blood sugar levels without serious side effects.So, what makes this medication the first choice when it comes to standard treatment for diabetes mellitus?
What is Metformin?If you have type 2 diabetes or PCOS, you most likely have been using metformin. Metformin is a medication that is prescribed to reduce high blood sugar levels. It works by reducing the production of glucose by the liver.
Origins of MetforminIt would be rejoicing for many of you who prefer natural treatment for diabetes to know that metformin is actually derived from an herb. Metformin is derived from the popular European herb called goat’s rue (Galega Officinalis). The active compound ‘guanidine’ found in goat’s rue has blood sugar lowering properties and other therapeutic uses.
What metformin does?
- It reduces glucose produced by the liver.
- Reduces absorption of glucose in the stomach.
- It increases insulin sensitivity.
- It is used to treat diabetes and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Metformin is first line medication for type 2 diabetes
- It reduces high blood sugar levels in both adults and children
- It is effective in normalizing HbA1c levels
- Metformin is known to reduce cardiovascular complications in diabetes
- Metformin does not lead to weight gain in people with type 2 diabetes
- Risk of low sugar levels (hypoglycemia) is lesser when compared to other medications
- Metformin is also known to reduce bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels moderately
- Metformin is known to assist in weight loss though the mechanism is unclear
Common Side effects of Metformin
- Weakness & lethargy
- Vitamin B 12 deficiency
- Stomach pain
- Muscle pain