Understanding types of Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

There are three main types of diabetes mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. There is also a stage before diabetes called prediabetes. People who have prediabetes are at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus later in life if they do not monitor their condition carefully.

The first and one of the main types of diabetes mellitus is Type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease where the pancreas produces very little insulin or no insulin at all. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus presents usually under the age of 20, when the person is a child or young adult. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is mostly a genetic condition where the pancreatic cells are destroyed and hence no insulin production. Thus lifelong insulin therapy is the main stay of type 1 diabetes mellitus treatment.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is normally found in people who are overweight. Although it is sometimes called adult onset diabetes, more children and young adults are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes because they are not getting enough activity.

About 90 percent of all cases of diabetes are Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and here the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body does not properly use it.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is also considered a lifestyle disease because it is normally triggered by living a fairly sedentary life, being overweight and not participating in exercise. However, age is a factor as well as heredity.

The third main type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which is a condition that women can get when they are in the second trimester of pregnancy.  Unlike Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, gestational Diabetes Mellitus will disappear after the baby is born.

The best thing if any individual sense the above said symptoms please do go to Apollo Sugar or any health care facility in out vicinity to take doctor advice.

Apollo Sugar is able to provide entire spectrum of diabetes services for effective diabetes management.