Diabetes Feet do's and don’ts
High blood sugars or diabetes can cause nerve damage and poor blood flow, leading to severe extremity problems.
What is poor blood flow?
Blood flows through blood vessels. Poor flow if in adequate flow of blood due to blockage of nerves in the foot. Poor blood flow makes it hard for a sore or an infection to heal. This problem is called peripheral artery disease, also called PAD. Prompt attention to any sore or infection on your toe or foot can prevent gangrene. Your doctor may decide to cut away the infected tissue or give you antibiotics. Your doctor also may perform tests to see how well blood is reaching your legs and feet. Sometimes, your doctor may be able to clear blocked blood vessels to improve the blood flow.
We have treatments towards infections and various other complications in the foot. Nevertheless, it is important to follow some tips to maintain healthy feet.
- Clip Toenails straight across.
- Keep your feet out of waster that is too hot or too cold. Do not use heating pads
- Do not soak your feet for prolonged periods.
- Do not use OTC remedies for corn/calluses, they may lead to burns or ulcers.
- Always wear comfortable shoes that fit.
- Examine your feet daily for scratches, wounds, rashes, blisters or any change in sensation or nail Colour.
How to keep your feet healthy?
- Check your feet daily
- Wash your feet daily
- Keep your toenails short
- Protect your feet always
- Always wear shoes
- Look inside your shoes before putting them on
- Always wear socks
- Break in new shoes gradually
- See your doctor at least once a year for foot exam.
- Reduce smoking, as it increases your risk in increasing many diabetes problems.
All in all, most importantly, Keep your blood glucose numbers as close to your target as possible. Your doctor will work with you to set your target blood glucose numbers and teach you what to do if your numbers are too high or too low.