List of Hormones in our body

One of the most important components required for normal functioning of the body are hormones. They are instrumental in smooth functioning of the body including digestion, respiration, growth, reproduction, sleep, and even our moods. Produced in the endocrine glands that are located in various parts of the body, hormones are chemical messengers that trigger many body functions. And, when the endocrine gland has any disease, it results in hormonal disorders.Hormones travel throughout the body, yet they can trigger action only on a specific organ. Upon reaching the target organ, these hormones initiate or inhibit certain functions of the body. For example, the thyroid-stimulating hormone produced in the pituitary gland acts on the thyroid glands and influences the production of thyroid hormones. Aldosterone produced in the adrenal glands acts on the kidneys and regulates electrolyte balance and helps in balancing fluids.Here’s a list of hormones that are produced in various endocrine glands with their functions.

Hormones and their functions

 [table id=1 /]Hormones are also secreted by other organs of the body, but these are not endocrine glands. These hormones also play an important role in regulating body functions. Organs like the heart, kidneys, and the intestines produce certain hormones that assist the body.

Organ/Tissue

Hormone Released

Function

Fat Cells (adipocytes)LeptinInhibits the feeling of hunger and regulates energy balance
HeartANP (atrial natriuretic peptide)Regulates the  balance of sodium, potassium, fat, and water in the body
KidneyReninRegulates blood pressure and blood volume
KidneyErythropoietinHelps in formation of red blood cells
Kidney1,25-DihydroxycholecalciferolRegulates calcium levels in blood
PlacentaHuman chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)Supports the ovarian corpus luteum
PlacentaHuman somatomammotropinFunctions similar to growth hormone
StomachGastrinStimulates secretion of gastric juices
StomachGhrelinStimulates Hunger
Small IntestineSecretinRegulates water balance on the body
Small IntestineCholecystokinin (CCK)Stimulates protein and fat digestion