Balloon angioplasty:

Balloon angioplasty:

Balloon angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure that is done to enlarge a narrowed artery. This is done for patients with coronary artery disease (See: Coronary artery disease). Coronary artery disease occurs when fat cells, calcium, and cholesterol buildup in the walls of the arteries to form plaques. These plaques obstruct the blood flow and cause certain changes. Balloon angioplasty is a nonsurgical procedure that is also called percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. This procedure is done for patients who have narrowed arteries. This procedure widens the arteries and provides more blood supply to the heart. In this procedure, atherectomy devices, balloons, and stents are used. An artery of the wrist of the groin is used for this procedure and a balloon catheter is inserted into it. The balloon is then inflated at the site of artery blockage so that the artery widens. The success rate of balloon angioplasty is very high. People with diabetes are at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and they have higher risks after angioplasty. Certain complications include drug reactions during the procedure, sudden closure of the blood vessel, and kidney failure. They are also at a higher risk of infection

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