Diabetes Diagnosis

  1. Blood Test – The Complete Blood Count (CBC) is a blood test that can provide a blueprint of how your body is working. It can be helpful in diagnosing various medical conditions like different types of infections and anemia. The test measures RBCs (Red Blood Corpuscles), WBC (White Blood Corpuscles), leukocytes, platelet count; etc.  This test is performed by taking a blood sample from the vein in your arm or finger.  Usually, it is recommended to have a Complete Blood Count test at least once a year or a specified number of times as recommended by a doctor.
  2. Urine Test – The routine urine test examination gives an idea about well your bladder, urinary tract and kidneys are functioning. The urine test looks for proteins, sugar, ketones, bile salts, bile pigments, occult blood, urobilinogen, epithelial cells, red blood cells, crystals, casts and other findings in the urine.  Ideally, you should collect a sample mid-stream for the first urine, you pass in the morning.
  3. Lipid Profile Test– Lipid Profile Test is a part of the blood test that is usually ordered along with Complete Blood Count (CBC) test. The test is used to detect abnormalities in lipids like cholesterol and triglycerides. This test can be helpful to detect one’s risk for cardiovascular diseases, pancreatitis and other genetic diseases.
  4. Fasting Plasma Glucose (Test) – The Fasting Plasma Glucose test is one of the commonly used diabetic screening tests. This is also used during the complete health check by your primary care physician, in conjunction with CBC (Complete Blood Count).  A fasting blood sample is taken in the morning after an 8 to 10 hour, and then another sample is taken 2 hours after meal, on the same day (also known as postprandial). The doctor may also ask for another specialized test for diabetes called HbA1C (glycated hemoglobin); this test shows average of glucose/sugar levels in the past 120 days (the life span of  an RBC is 120 days)