Daibetes and Eye Complications – Diabetic Retinopathy

Prevent Diabetic Retinopathy and Eye Diseases in Diabetes
This is a patient awareness initiative by Apollo Sugar Clinics.

Know your Eyes
We see the world around us with two wonderful windows called eyes. Eyes are in fact the windows to our health. Any aliment or malady is first seen in the eye. A change in the color of the eye, a pallor, a bulge, or double vision is a sign of some medical condition.
In fact, many chronic medical conditions are known to affect the eyes. Hypertension can damage the blood vessels in the eye leading to poor eyesight and hypertensive retinopathy. Diabetic eye problems cause diabetic cataracts, diabetic macular edema, and diabetic retinopathy.
Since our eyes reflect our health it is in fact used in many diagnostic tests including physical examinations. PERRLA is a common test conducted by shining a bright light on to the eyes. This test confirms the functioning of the nervous system. It is also called the Pupillary Response Test that studies the functioning of the optic nerve, and cranial nerve II and III. PERRLA is an acronym for Pupils Equal, Round, Reactive to Light.

Other diseases that the eyes indicate with their peculiarities include:
• Thyroid disorders when there is bulging of the eyes.
• Blurry vision might be due to diabetes, stress, and many other problems.
• Twisted blood vessels in the eyes are common symptoms of high blood pressure and diabetic eye problems.
• Twitching eyes can indicate stress, epilepsy, facial spasms, and many others.
• A grey-white ring around the cornea in people below 40 is an indicator of very high cholesterol, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.
• Change of color of the eye, especially to yellow is an indicator of jaundice, gallbladder obstruction, and high levels of bilirubin apart from malfunctioning of pancreas.
• Inflammation and redness of the iris accompanied by blurry vision might be due to infections and other medical conditions like arthritis, tuberculosis, and syphilis.
• A sudden attack of blurry vision might be due to a retinal detachment or glaucoma.
• Seeing floaters might be due to retinal tear or detachment.
Since many chronic conditions like diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and others have repercussions on the eyes and vision, it is necessary to understand the function and structure of the eye to know about diabetic eye problems better.