Chronic Complications of Diabetes

People living with diabetes often have to deal with certain long-term complications, or chronic diabetes complications, as they are called. Chronic diabetes usually appears after several years of elevated blood sugars (hyperglycemia). Mostly, it’s the patients with type 2 diabetes who fall prey to this as they may have elevated blood sugars for several years before being diagnosed. A significant portion of newly diagnosed diabetics show evidence of chronic diabetic complications when they are diagnosed with diabetes. As the duration of diabetes increases, one’s risk of developing more number of complications increases.

We have covered each of these chronic diabetes complications in detail for you to get a better understanding and take precautionary and preventive measures.

Chronic diabetes complications can be divided into following:

Macrovascular (Cardiovascular, peripheral vascular, cerebrovascular)

Macrovascular diabetes complications are mainly of the large blood vessels in any part of the body caused by diabetes. These include cardiovascular, peripheral vascular and cerebrovascular complications. Find out the symptoms, causes and treatment of these macrovascular complications of diabetes.

Microvascular (Retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy)

The microvascular complications of diabetes refer to the long-term complications of diabetes that affect small blood vessels. These include eye, kidney and nerve damage, which we have explained in detail for you.


Hypertension occurs when the pressure inside the blood vessels is extremely high. When your heart pumps, blood is sent out through the arteries. The force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries causes pressure. The higher the pressure the harder the heart has to pump. Hypertension can lead to damaged organs, as well as several illnesses. You can read more about hypertension here.

Musculoskeletal complications

Whether it’s limited joint mobility, certain bone diseases or muscle complications, diabetes is known to have a major effect on the body’s musculoskeletal system. It’s important to recognize these problems as they respond to treatment, prevent pain and improve your quality of life.

Skin complications

Some skin problems are the first sign of diabetes, and infections like bacterial are made worse by type 2 diabetes. People, especially those with type 2 diabetes, should be watchful for changes in their skin, injuries or irritation to the skin surrounding insulin-injection sites, and slow healing cuts or wounds.

Mouth complications

There is an increased occurrence of oral diseases in people with diabetes, and like all infections, serious gum disease may be a factor in causing blood sugar to rise and may make diabetes harder to control. Find out how you should take care of your teeth and gums and the various infections you should be aware of.

Mood related disorders

While people are aware that type 1 and type 2 diabetes take a serious toll on physical health, little do they know that these blood-sugar disorders also can affect your emotions which goes on to wreak havoc on your diabetes control. So what are these mood disorders and how can we keep them at bay. Find out here.