Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes help to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. The chance of developing complications from type 2 diabetes decreases with early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes as showed by many recent studies.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms, can be very subtle or many at times harmless though you have diabetes symptoms at all. Ignoring the symptoms, over time, and not taking medical advice may develop diabetes complications, even if the patient haven’t had symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

What is type 2 diabetes symptoms profile look is the common question that an individual with high risk of diabetes has?

Individuals do experience different signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes, and sometimes there may be no typical symptoms. Patients with type 2 diabetes commonly experience with:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Lack of interest and concentration
  • A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow-healing wounds

Few patients may also associate with diabetes symptoms like experience extreme lethargy, agitation, and sometimes may also feel irritable without any reason.

The best thing if any individual sense the above said symptoms please do go to Apollo Sugar or any health care facility in out vicinity to take doctor advice.

Apollo sugar is able to provide entire spectrum of diabetes services for effective diabetes management.

What are the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes?

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

What is gestational diabetes?

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucoseintolerance that begins or is firstdetected during pregnancy.
The detection of gestational diabetes is important because of its associated maternal and fetal complications. According to the ADA guidelines, patients should be screened for risk factors for gestational diabetes during pregnancy at their initial visit.

Symptoms of gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes develops because pregnancy increases requirements for insulin secretion while increasing insulin resistance, upping demands on pancreatic β-cells. A woman is considered high risk if she has one or more of the following: marked Obesity, personal history of gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance or glycosuria, or astrong family history of type 2 diabetes, age > 25 years, multiparity, and previous macrosomic or largefor-gestational-age infants (> 9 lb or 4 kg)

All women should be screened for gestational diabetes during pregnancy at 24 – 28 weeks of gestation following standard guidelines.
The best thing for a women who is at 24-28 weeks of gestation to go to Apollo Sugar or any health care facility in out vicinity to take doctor advice and get screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Apollo sugar is able to provide entire spectrum of diabetes services for effective Gestational Diabetes Mellitus management

Is losing weight a Sign of Diabetes?

Insulin ShotsFor those of you who want to lose weight, the ads that show up on the media claiming quick fixes are a lure and a temptation calling – reducing significant weight in a short period of time. But, imagine you do lose a good amount of weight and you haven’t tried anything, should it be a cause of concern? Yes say the medical experts and it might actually be one of the symptoms of diabetes or something else worse!   

Burden of obesity in India

Blame it on the lifestyles we choose or our genetics, more and more Indians are morbidly obese and that’s no good news. From an undernourished country, we have made an epidemiological transition to a high prevalence of obesity. And, a person with a higher BMI is at a risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and many other complications.

There is growing awareness on the ill effects of obesity and many people put in efforts to shed excess weight. This is one part of the story.

The other part of the story is that it is very difficult for most people to lose weight in a healthy manner. Retaining the muscle mass and losing excessive visceral fat deposits is not an easy and quick process and might take a combination of lifestyle modifications, diet, and exercise.

Sudden Weight loss

Some people on the other hand have sudden unintentional weight loss. A sudden unintentional weight loss is defined as  the  loss of a significant amount of body weight ( generally 5%) without any exercise or diet change. This might be the symptom of an underlying condition.

Causes of sudden weight loss

  • Certain types of cancers.
  • Eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia.
  • Dementia.
  • Depression.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Hypothyroidism.

Diabetes Mellitus and unexplained weight loss

First up, it has to be understood that diabetes can affect people with normal BMI also. It is not a condition of the obese alone.

Diabetes and the BMI of a patient have a deep relation as it is a metabolic disorder. Sudden weight loss is a classic sign of diabetes along with the presence of other symptoms of diabetes like excessive hunger, thirst, and urination. It is a fact that most people who were diagnosed with diabetes first visit the hospital with unexplained weight loss.

Weight loss is one of the major symptoms of type 2 diabetes and type 1 diabetes as high blood glucose levels and high levels of HbA1c levels are a result of insufficient insulin. Insufficient insulin levels cause metabolic changes that in turn lead to weight loss.

When the insulin levels are less, the cells of the body cannot get glucose from the blood to use as energy. As a result of this, the body starts to use up the fat deposits and the muscles for energy. This leads to sudden weight loss. This is unhealthy as it leads to muscle breakdown.

So, if you experience any unexplained weight loss (along with symptoms of diabetes), consult your physician immediately.   

Symptoms of Diabetes in Men

Sign & Symptoms of Diabetes in Men

Despite there being similar signs and symptoms of diabetes in men and women, there are several that pertain only to men. One thing that men must remember is the ABCs of diabetes. Those are the A1C test (measuring average blood glucose level), Blood pressure and Cholesterol. When you read further, you’ll discover the various symptoms of diabetes in men, and we urge you to take your health seriously and take active steps to leading a better life. Planning this with the help of a diabetes expert will be highly beneficial, so set a goal, make a plan and work towards it.

These are generic symptoms of diabetes:

  • Increased appetite and losing weight- occurs although people eat enough and blood sugars are high as the cells cannot take this glucose and this lack of energy makes a person feel hungry.
  • Increased thirst, urination – occurs because the excess sugar leaks into urine through the kidneys and pulls extra water along dehydrating your body.
  • Tiredness, lack of interest and concentration.
  • Tingling sensation or numbness or pain in the hands or feet (type 2).
  • Blurred vision.
  • Itching and infections around the genital areas of men and women.
  • Slow wound healing.
  • Vomiting and stomach pain.

Apart from the symptoms explained above, these are the symptoms specifically seen in men:

Reduced muscle strength due loss of muscle mass and resultant weight loss.

Recurrent yeast infections near the genital area characterized by redness, swelling, itching on or around the head of the penis,  unpleasant odor, white curd-like appearance on the skin, soreness during sex, erectile dysfunction.

Delaying the diagnoses and treatment for diabetes can result in unwanted complications. It’s extremely important to be aware and look out for any of these signs and symptoms. See a diabetes expert if required to reduce the onset and progression of complications.

 

 

 

What are the most telling symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes and why you shouldn’t ignore them?

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes help to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. The chance of developing complications from type 2 diabetes decreases with early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes as showed by many recent studies.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms can be very subtle or many at times harmless though you have diabetes symptoms at all. Ignoring the symptoms, over time, and not taking medical advice may develop diabetes complications.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms

Individuals do experience different signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes, and sometimes there may be no typical symptoms.

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Lack of interest and concentration
  • A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow-healing wounds.

Few patients may also associate with diabetes symptoms like experience extreme lethargy, agitation, and sometimes may also feel irritable without any reason.

 

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

What are the Symptoms Of Diabetes

Signs and symptoms of diabetes help to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. The chance of developing complications from the disease decreases with early detection and treatment of diabetes as showed by many recent studies.

Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be very subtle or many at times harmless though you have diabetes symptoms at all. However, over time, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you haven’t had predominant early symptoms of diabetes.

The common question that may come to every individual would be WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES?

Individuals do experience different signs and symptoms of diabetes, and sometimes there may be no diabetes symptoms. Few commonly experienced diabetes symptoms include:

Frequent urination

Excessive thirst

Increased hunger

Weight loss

Tiredness

Lack of interest and concentration

A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet

Blurred vision

Frequent infections

Slow-healing wounds

Few patients may also associate with diabetes symptoms like experience extreme lethargy, agitation, and sometimes may also feel irritable without any reason.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes you need to watch out for

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes help to detect the disease early and get it under control before any irreversible damage is done to the body. The chance of developing complications from type 2 diabetes decreases with early detection and treatment of type 2 diabetes as showed by many recent studies.

Type 2 diabetes symptoms, can be very subtle or many at times harmless though you have diabetes symptoms at all. Ignoring the symptoms, over time, and not taking medical advice may develop diabetes complications, even if the patient haven’t had symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

What is type 2 diabetes symptoms profile look is the common question that an individual with high risk of diabetes has?

Individuals do experience different signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes, and sometimes there may be no typical symptoms. Patients with type 2 diabetes commonly experience with:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Lack of interest and concentration
  • A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent infections
  • Slow-healing wounds

Few patients may also associate with diabetes symptoms like experience extreme lethargy, agitation, and sometimes may also feel irritable without any reason.

The best thing if any individual sense the above said symptoms please do go to Apollo Sugar or any health care facility in out vicinity to take doctor advice.

 

Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms of Diabetes

Most people with exhibit signs and symptoms, but there are certain differences between the symptoms exhibited by men, women, and children. Moreover, symptoms of type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes might differ.

What is a symptom?
A symptom is a characteristic of the disease experienced by the patient alone and is felt by him/her. Symptoms can be chronic, constitutional, or relapsing.

What is a sign?
The sign of the disease is something that is seen by the doctor and is objective. Temperature, pulse, blood pressure, cuts, rashes, wounds, and bruises are some of the signs observed by the doctor.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes presents itself with strong symptoms in a short period of time. Here are a few typical symptoms.

• Increased appetite and losing weight. This is because though blood sugars are high, cells cannot take in glucose and this leads to lack of energy and thus increased appetite. Weight loss occurs due to loss of muscle bulk.
• Increased thirst, and urination. This occurs because excess sugar leaks into urine through the kidneys and pulls extra water along dehydrating the body. Urination levels increase unusually.
• Tiredness at all times.
• Blurred vision.
• Muscle cramps.
• Itching in the genital areas.
• Skin infections.
• Faster heart rate.
• Headache.

In some cases, type 1 diabetes appears with some serious symptoms including:
• Stomach pain.
• High temperature.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Marked loss of appetite.
• Fruity smell from the breath.

These symptoms are synonymous with a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. This is a life-threatening condition and needs medical attention immediately.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Though some of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are similar to that of type 1, the onset of these are slower and sometimes unnoticeable. Some symptoms include:
• Excessive Thirst.
• Frequent urination, especially at night.
• Increased hunger.
• Weight loss.
• Fatigue.
• Blurred vision.
• Wounds, cuts and sores that do not heal quickly.
• Recurring skin infections.

Sometimes, type 2 diabetes can come up with symptoms that demand emergency medical attention. These include:
• Shakiness.
• Dizziness.
• Anxiety.
• Faster heart rate.
• Trouble thinking.
• Sweating.
• Headache.

Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational diabetes might not arrive with visible symptoms as these can be cloaked under the general side effects of pregnancy. Feeling tired and urinating more than often might happen in some pregnant women even without gestational diabetes. For this reason, pregnant women are generally tested for gestational diabetes with an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
Symptoms of gestational diabetes:
• Frequent urination.
• Blurred vision.
• Fatigue.
• Frequent infections of bladder, vagina, or skin.
• Weight loss despite having increased appetite.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Men:

The prevalence of diabetes is higher among men than in women. And, some of the symptoms of diabetes that men experience vary from those experienced by women.
Here are some symptoms of diabetes that are experienced especially by men.
• Erectile Dysfunction. Since diabetes affects the nerves and blood vessels, damage to the blood vessels and nerves in the genital area causes erectile dysfunction.
• Retrograde ejaculation. In this condition, some of the semen is released into the bladder.
• Soreness during intercourse.
• Recurrent yeast infections in the genital area.
• Frequent urinary infections.
• Reduced muscle strength due loss of muscle mass and resultant weight loss.
It is very important to get periodical medical checkups to test for diabetes. Also, one should not wait for the symptoms of diabetes to show up as damage starts even before the symptoms show up.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Women

The prevalence of diabetes is lower in women when compared to men; however, this number is growing fast. While men experience certain symptoms typical to them, women also have specific symptoms of diabetes.
Moreover, apart from type 1 and type 2 diabetes, women can also have gestational diabetes, a form of glucose intolerance that occurs during pregnancy. Added to that, complications of diabetes are generally more difficult to manage in women.
Due to a difference in the makeup of the body and the hormonal system in particular, certain symptoms of diabetes vary in them.
Symptoms of Diabetes in women:
• Vaginal thrush.
• Oral/vaginal yeast infections.
• Vaginal discharge.
• Pain during sex.
• Frequent urinary infections.
• Sexual dysfunction and reduction in sexual drive.
• Inability to achieve orgasm.
• Insulin resistance due to PCOS.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Children

Approximately 90% of children affected by diabetes have type 1 diabetes, the condition which develops rapidly over a few days to a  few weeks, and people show early signs that remain common between adults and children.
You may suspect diabetes when the child shows any or more of the following symptoms.
• Increased thirst and urination – occurs because the excess sugar leaks into urine through the kidneys and pulls extra water along dehydrating your body.
• Weight loss despite eating excessively.
• Fatigue making them feel tired and lethargic.
• Headache.
• Irritable behavior.
• Blurred vision.
• Yeast infections at the genitals for girls, seen as diaper rash for babies.

Sometimes, bedwetting in a child can be an initial sign of diabetes and may signal evaluation for diabetes. Some symptoms of diabetes that occur particularly in children:
• Stomachaches, which can be recurrent and for unknown reasons.
• Headaches.
• Blurred vision.

If early symptoms go unrecognized, at later stages, chemicals called ketones may build up in the child’s body and cause symptoms such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, breath having fruity-odor, difficulties in breathing, and even loss of consciousness which is a dangerous sign and requires immediate hospital admission for treatment.

Although type 2 diabetes is very uncommon in children, an extremely bad diet from a very young age, together with less physical activity and sedentary behavior can cause the child to develop type 2 diabetes. If the child has type 2 diabetes, presence of symptoms is less likely; however, in some children, additional to one or more of the above symptoms, they may have:

• Slow healing of injuries, sores or infections.
• Darkening of certain skin areas.

Parents must be alert for any of these symptoms in their children, and on noticing any, must not delay an expert consult at any cost. This will help detect and treat juvenile diabetes early and reduce the onset and progression of complications.

Are Irregular Periods a symptom of Type 2 Diabetes?

Some of the symptoms of diabetes mellitus are commonly known and can help alert you to get the right diagnostic tests done. However, diabetes is an endocrine condition that may lead to complex interplay with other hormones, especially the female reproductive hormones.

In diabetes, the body cannot utilize glucose to produce energy adequately, which means that the body is not nourished properly. This can affect the menstrual cycle, making it irregular i.e. delayed or even missed periods. In fact, research conducted by the Journal of the American Medical Association says that unusually long, extremely irregular, or infrequent menstrual cycles may be linked to insulin resistance and thus may be one of the early symptoms of diabetes.

Some researchers have hypothesized that irregular periods are indicative that the ovaries are responding to changes in metabolism and hence cannot function normally. These metabolic changes gradually increase a woman’s risk of insulin resistance, which over time may lead to type 2 diabetes.

Some reproductive symptoms are:

• Period cycles of 40+ days or less than 21 days.
• Missed periods.
• Delayed periods.
• Unusually or extremely heavy flow.
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Often,we tend to brush off such prediabetes symptoms as “stressful times” or “just a miss.”It is therefore important for women to know their menstrual cycle well and look out for unusual aberrations. The first step is to be armed with the knowledge about how diabetes and your menstrual cycle are related.

Diabetes and the Menstrual Cycle

A woman sees great ups and downs in reproductive hormones through the month. These hormones also serve to control the blood glucose levels along with insulin.
Typically, most women undergo a rise in blood glucose level the week prior to menstruation, just after ovulation. The blood sugar levels then tend to drop and return to normal once menstruation begins. This fluctuation can make it difficult for women with diabetes to regulate their blood sugar levels.Therefore, it becomes crucial for women to recognize monthly patterns to be able to manage them well.

Diabetes during pregnancy

Also called gestational diabetes, this is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy, but usually disappears after childbirth. The symptoms are similar to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes i.e. excess urination, excessive thirst, tiredness and fatigue, nausea, and blurred vision.

As a woman, you may tend to confuse these symptoms as typical pregnancy symptoms. So, if you experience two or more simultaneously, get your doctor to look into the matter from a diabetes perspective.
Irregular menstruation obviously does not serve as a warning signal in this case in the absence of menstruation. Chances of gestational diabetes may be higher if you are older than 35, obese, or have had the condition in previous pregnancies.

Diabetes Detection

Women with irregular menstrual cycles,or in pregnancy must ask to undergo tests for diabetes.

• Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT): This test can be used to diagnose both prediabetes and diabetes, and is often used to detect gestational diabetes. It measures how well your body is able to use glucose. You are required to fast for 8 hours before undergoing the test.

The normal range for fasting blood sugarlies between 3.9 to 5.5 mmols/l (70 to 100 mg/dl). A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. A level of 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher in two separate tests, indicates diabetes.
A similar test is carried out without fasting too. A random blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher suggests diabetes, which is the glucose level no matter when you ate last.

• Hba1c Test: HbA1c is a form of haemoglobin that is bound to glucose. The test reflects how well diabetes is controlled because it indicates blood sugar levels over the past 6-8 weeks. The normal range level for haemoglobin A1c is less than 6%.

Take Action now!

Having a pre-indicator is in a way a good thing- you are wellinformed in advance before the onset of the condition and can make the necessary lifestyle changes to prevent diabetes in the future.
So, if you have been suffering from irregular periods, raise the red flag and consult your health care practitioner for making healthy lifestyle changes.

Simple yet conscious life changes like following a balanced and healthy diet, regular exercise, and stress-management can work wonders in preventing the onset of full-blown type 2 diabetes. You may be bowled over by the question of “how to control diabetes” and the answer lies in consistent discipline and devotion to a healthy way of life.

Afraid of Diabetes? Sleep it off!

symptoms of diabetes

A Mystery called Sleep

Sleep, a boon for some and a curse for others. While some of us try hard to get a wink of sleep, others just struggle to keep themselves awake! Most people now have sleep disorders and this is dangerous for diabetes control.

In our urge to get the best of life, we end up making it a mess. We stay awake late nights browsing the net, and have trouble getting up early in the morning.Some of us compensate this by taking secret cat naps in the office, but that never accounts to quality sleep.

Many people complain that they cannot get proper sleep and they end up tossing and turning for hours only to say hello to 2: 00 A.M. Though we spend almost half of our lives sleeping, it is a fact that we do not understand the process of how we fall asleep.

It is said that the harder we try to fall asleep, the tougher it gets. This is something that is very well known to people who suffer from insomnia. Surprisingly, more than the effort to fall asleep, the stress of all the things that can go wrong when you do not get adequate sleep is enough to keep you awake!

A person normally takes around 10 to 20 minutes to fall asleep after one goes to bed. After closing the eyes, the brain is still active. Slowly but steadily, the brain lets go of all the ordeals and stress of the day.Gradually, the world around starts to fade out, and dissolves into incoherent fragments.This is the first stage of sleep.

After this stage, a person loses contact with the external world. The brain has more theta wave activity and one dips into a REM sleep. This is when one dreams.

There is a strange link between diabetes and insomnia. People who have insomnia have more chances of developing diabetes and people with diabetes tend to have insomnia! In fact, having trouble sleeping might be a one of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes.

10 Interesting Facts about Sleep

1. Only humans willingly delay sleep!
2. Adults need round 7 to 9 hours of sleep per day.
3. Sleep is as important as food and exercise.
4. Sleeping improves your memory.
5. If you fall asleep within 5 minutes after climbing into the bed, then you are either very tired or you have sleep deprivation.
6. People who work in night shifts are prone to have sleep deprivation.
7. Even small lights from your smartphones or sounds on the streets can cause sleep disruptions.
8. Sleep disruptions can affect your immune system.
9. After 16 hours of being awake, the brain automatically takes micro-sleeps even though your eyes are open!
10. Sleep deprivation can kill people.

Sleep Deprivation and its Complications

It is said that the last refuge of people with insomnia is a false sense of superiority they get after seeing the sleeping world. These days, what with night life becoming a major cultural aspect, more and more people party all night long. This is a dangerous trend that is seen in teenagers in India.

It has been found in recent studies that many people in India suffer from sleep deprivation and we get less than the recommended amount of sleep. This is can lead to numerous ailments including many non-communicable diseases like obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart attack, and strokes.

Why do people get sleep deprivation?

It is common for someone to have minor interruptions during sleep, but if these disturbances continue for a prolonged period of time and leads to lack of sleep, it causes sleep deprivation.
Sleep deprivation leads today time sleepiness, poor productivity, hormonal imbalances, psychological issues, obesity, and other ailments.

While most people intentionally deprive themselves of sleep, some have to because of their job circumstances.

Do you have Sleep Deprivation?

If your answer is yes to at least five of these questions, then might you have sleep deprivation!
• Do you yawn during the daytime?
• Are you always hungry?
• Do you frequently forget things?
• Have you put on weight recently?
• Are you constantly stressed?
• Do you have difficulty concentrating?
• Have you gotten impulsive lately?
• Do you find it difficult to learn new concepts?
• Are you clumsy handling things?
• Do you feel sleepy during the daytime?
• Are you always irritable?

Diabetes and Sleep Deprivation

Many researches have associated sleep deprivation and sleep disorders with obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. However, for a person with diabetes having sleep disturbances is common.

Blood sugar control for a diabetic depends upon the ability of a patient to adhere to the treatment plan, make dietary modifications, do exercise and take medications. Apart from this, one needs good sleep in order to avoid high blood sugar levels.

This becomes difficult for a diabetic patient due to the inherent sleep disturbances it causes. It isn’t as if a person with diabetes cannot go into a deep sleep, it is because of the symptoms of diabetes that there are sleep disturbances.

• Having high blood sugar levels leads to frequent urination causing sleep disturbance.
• Low blood sugar symptoms like shaking, sweating, and dizziness disturbs sleep.
• People with diabetes are at an increased risk of having depression. Mood swings might cause sleeplessness.
• People who have diabetes and are obese tend to have sleep apnea, a condition in which breathing halts periodically while sleeping.
• Some people with diabetes have a higher risk of restless leg syndrome that can cause sleep disruptions.
• Added to that, pain due to diabetes complications like neuropathy can also lead to sleepless nights.

Impact of lack of sleep in people with diabetes

Lack of sleep has adverse effects on blood sugar control, blood pressure, cholesterol and leads to cardiovascular diseases. Reduced sleep times lead to increased amounts off cortisol (a stress hormone) in the body, which leads to insulin resistance.

Subsequent hormonal secretions prompt you to eat more making you hungry and raises your blood glucose levels. Along with increased cholesterol levels, there is an increase in the levels of the adrenaline that leads to vascular inflammation increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

How to avoid sleep deprivation in people with diabetes

It has been proven time and again in research that people who get about five hours of sleep per day are at a very high risk of getting type 2 diabetes and insulin resistance. Moreover, the sleep quality, efficiency, sleep duration, and daytime dysfunction level determine the risk factors for diabetes.

Studies based on sleep-wake misalignment (inappropriate sleep timings) increase the risk of diabetes further.

Here are a few tips to diabetics to get better sleep:

• Avoid the usage of smartphones and laptops after dinner.
• Do not consume any caffeine-containing beverage after the evening.
• Maintain a routine and stick to it.
• Keep your bedroom dark, and calm. Avoid conducting any kind of telephone conversation, office work, or smartphone usage in the bedroom.
• Invest in a good bed, one that is comfortable to you.
• Dim the lights of your bedroom half an hour before you go to bed.
• Do not consume alcohol.
• Do not exercise three hours before bedtime.
• Do not smoke.
• Do not discuss anything important or serious before going to bed.
• Control your blood sugar levels.
• Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly.
• If you feel your blood sugar levels are low, have a low-carbohydrate snack.
• If you have high blood sugar levels regularly, consult your doctor.

Remember, if you have a sleep debt, you are bound to pay it back with metabolic disorders and lifelong conditions like diabetes mellitus. For people with diabetes, it is important to get good sleep to have optimum diabetes control.