Bromocriptine:

Bromocriptine:

Bromocriptine is a medication that is prescribed for the symptoms of Hyperprolactinemia. Hyperprolactinemia is a condition characterized by increased levels of serum prolactin that is produced in the anterior part of the pituitary gland. Hyperprolactinemia causes symptoms like lack of or no periods (amenorrhea), infertility, hypogonadism, and discharge from the nipples. Hyperprolactinemia is generally caused due to the presence of tumors in the pituitary glands. This medication is also prescribed for conditions like Parkinson’s disease, other pituitary tumors, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, acromegaly, amenorrhea, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and type 2 diabetes. Bromocriptine is a dopamine agonist, which means this medication can be used to treat low dopamine conditions also. Side effects of this medication include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, stomach cramps, constipation, headaches, and difficulty in sleeping, depression, fainting, seizures, blurred vision, chest pain, and shortness of breath. Since this medication is a dopamine agonist, other side effects might include euphoria and hallucinations. People who are prescribed this medication should discuss about the usage of other vitamin and nutritional supplements along with the usage of alcohol. Lactating mothers should not use this medication as it can suppress the production of milk. In people with diabetes, Bromocriptine is sometimes prescribed along with a diet and exercise plan for type 2 diabetes. The mechanism of action of Bromocriptine in the treatment of type 2 diabetes lies in regulating circadian neuroendocrine rhythms. It is known to improve metabolic effects and improves serum lipid profile levels.

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