Antidiabetic agents are all the types of medications that are prescribed by doctors to control diabetes. Depending upon various factors like the type of diabetes, the age of the patient, the presence of complications, and the presence of any other diseases, they prescribe these medications. These medications not only reduce the blood sugar levels, they also bring the blood sugar levels to the target range. They reduce the symptoms of diabetes like excessive urination, thirst, and fatigue. They help in reducing the complications of diabetes like diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, and cardiovascular diseases. These antidiabetic agents should be taken along with dietary and lifestyle modifications.
Here are a few Antidiabetic agents:
• Alpha glucosidase inhibitors.
• Amylin analogs.
• Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors.
• Incretin mimetics.
• SGLT-2 inhibitors.
• Rapid-acting Insulin.
• Short-acting Insulin.
• Intermediate-acting Insulin.
• Long-acting Insulin.