Adrenal Cortex:

Adrenal Cortex:
The adrenal cortex is located along the perimeter of the adrenal glands (See: Adrenal Glands). It consists of three layers. The outermost layer functions by producing aldosterone (See: Aldosterone), a mineralocorticoid responsible for blood pressure regulation, and the balance of electrolytes. The intermediate layer produces glucocorticoids like cortisol, which is used in the metabolization of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The third layer produces androgens, which are responsible for the production of testosterone. Testosterone builds the muscle mass, develops secondary sexual characteristics, and stimulates cell growth. Adrenal cortex has neuroendocrine properties also. Disorders of the adrenal cortex leads to Cushing’s syndrome, adrenogenital syndrome, Addison’s disease, hypoaldosteronism, and hyperaldosteronism.

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