This is an abbreviation for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. It is an oral medicine that is used to treat hypertension or high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. It lowers the blood pressure. This drug acts by decreasing the blood volume and by relaxing the blood vessels leading to a reduction of the blood pressure. By inhibiting the angiotensin-converting enzyme, these drugs reduce the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and reduce the blood pressure and renal diseases in the case of diabetics. For diabetics, and those with albumin (protein) in the urine, these drugs help in slowing down kidney damage.
Side effects of ACE inhibitors include:
• Low blood pressure.
• Hyperkalemia (high levels of potassium).