Acidosis is the production of excess acid in the blood. It can also be a buildup of carbon dioxide or a loss of bicarbonate. In the case of people with diabetes, acidosis occurs in the form of ketoacidosis. It is a life-threatening condition. This is caused when the body does not get adequate insulin, and when the blood sugar levels are very high. Symptoms include abdominal pain, weakness, vomiting, troubled breathing, confusion, and increased urination. It is diagnosed with blood pH values, blood sugar levels, and ketoacids in the blood or urine. Fluid replenishment, insulin, potassium, bicarbonate, and sometimes artificial ventilation are the mainstay therapies for diabetic ketoacidosis (See: Ketoacidosis).