What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes are more likely to be noticeable with type 1 diabetes while the early symptoms can be missing in type 2 diabetes. This difference is due to the rapid onset and progression of symptoms with type 1 diabetes, and with type 2, they develop slowly over years, which are often mild and most of the type 2 diabetics could not feel any symptoms.
Typically, both forms of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 result in common symptoms such as:
- Increased appetite – although the blood sugars are high, the cells cannot take this glucose and this lack of energy makes a person feel hungry
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination – occurs because the excess sugar leaks into urine through the kidneys and pulls extra water along dehydrating your body
- Fatigue – feeling very tired
- Weight loss
- Itching or infections around the genital areas of men and women
- Slow healing of cuts or wounds
- Blurred vision due to dryness of eye lens
Another symptom specific to type 2 diabetes is darkening of skin at certain areas like neck, armpits, that is a sign of insulin resistance (reduced responsiveness)
If the early symptoms of either diabetes type 1 or type 2 are not evaluated and not managed appropriately, at later stages, the blood sugar levels rise very high and result in acute episodes requiring emergency treatment. During these episodes, along with typical diabetes symptoms like urination, increased thirst, additional visible symptoms could be fruity breath, troubled breathing, vomiting, increased heart rate, weakness, stomach pain, loss or altered consciousness, sometimes seizures or other neurological problems.
Therefore, all people at risk of type 2 diabetes should get checked for the condition and complications despite the presence or absence of the symptoms.